11 月 19, 2012 - 2012年雜記    沒有留言

2012.11.19九寨溝之旅第三天-(九寨溝-諾日朗瀑布/盆景灘/樹正寨..etc)

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九寨溝風景區位於中國四川省北部,屬四川省阿壩藏族羌族自治州九寨溝縣,因溝中有荷葉、盤亞、亞拉、尖盤、黑果、樹正、則查窪、熱西、郭都九個藏族村寨而得名。九寨溝水系流經白河、白水江、嘉陵江,最後流入長江。
九寨溝處在青藏高原東南的尕爾納山峰北麓,海拔在2000米至3106米之間,屬世界高寒喀斯特地貌。總面積約620km²,約有52%的面積被原始森林所覆蓋,期間夾生箭竹和各種奇花異草,也有諸多野生動物棲息於此,如大熊貓、金絲猴、白唇鹿等。在冬季,九寨溝所有海子均會結冰,唯獨五花海因為湖底的泉眼影響,令湖水在冬天仍能保持在攝氏6度。 九寨溝是白水溝上游白河的支溝,以有九個藏族村寨而得名。海拔2000~3000米,以翠海高山湖泊、疊海、彩林、雪山、藏情「五絕」馳名中外,被譽為「夢仙境」和「童話世界」。九寨溝主要由岷山山脈中呈「丫」字形分布的日則溝、則查窪溝、樹正溝三條溝谷構成;其九寨溝主要景點分布在樹正、日則、則查窪三條溝內,溝內可分五大景區:樹正景區、日則景區、長海景區、寶鏡崖景.
地貌成因推測九寨溝大多數湖泊的形成源於水中所含碳酸鈣。遠古時代,地球處於冰期時,水中所含碳酸鈣質無法凝結,只能隨水漂流。到距今約12000年前,氣候轉暖後流水中的碳酸鈣質活躍起來,一旦遇到障礙物便附著其上,逐漸積累,形成今天九寨溝中一條條乳白色的鈣質堤埂,這些堤埂堆積起來形成堰塞湖。也就是所謂的「海子」。九寨溝山水約形成於第四紀古冰川時代,現保留大量第四紀冰川遺迹。由於富含碳酸鈣質,湖底、湖堤、湖畔均可見乳白色碳酸鈣形成的結晶,而來自雪山活水本身清澈,加之梯狀湖泊層層過濾,其水色顯得更加透明。
九寨溝分三條溝:日則溝、樹正溝、則查窪溝3條主溝。景觀分布在樹正、諾日朗、劍岩、長海、扎如、天海六大景區。
日則溝:原始森林/天鵝海/芳草海/箭竹海/熊貓海瀑布/熊貓海/五花海/珍珠灘/珍珠灘瀑布/孔雀河道鏡海/諾日朗瀑布
樹正溝:火花海/犀牛海/老虎海/樹正群海/樹正瀑布/樹正寨/臥龍海/雙龍海/蘆葦海/盆景灘
則查窪溝:長海/五彩池長海/五彩池/上季節海/中季節海/下季節海/則查窪寨

諾日朗瀑布
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鏡海
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五彩池
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老虎海
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樹正群海
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樹正寨
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五花海
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箭竹海
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熊貓海
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珍珠灘
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珍珠灘瀑布
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火花海
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盆景攤
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